THE MESSIER PROJECT

My project to photograph all of the Messier objects. I figured this would be a good way to get me out with a good combination of my stuff and help me figure out how to run the photography side of the hobby. It's a lot different than the film days. If the picture ain't there then I ain't taken it yet. I started the project 2017-07-16. At least that's when I got this web page ready to go.

Getting set up.

The order of the items in the title for each picture are:

Messier calalog number
New General Catalogue (NGC) or Index Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars (IC) number
The object type
Visual magnitude
Object size or diameter
Distance
Right ascension and declination
Constellation
Best viewing season
Common name

I stole the list of objects from astropixels.com. It's a really nice site.


M1, NGC-1952, Sn, m8.4, 6'x4', 6300ly, 5h34.5m +22°01', Tau, winter, Crab Nebula


M2, NGC-7089, Gc, m6.5, 12.9', 37900ly, 21h33.5m +00°49', Aqr, autumn


M3, NGC-5272, Gc, m6.2, 16.2', 33900ly, 13h42.2m +28°23', CVn, spring


M4, NGC-6121, Gc, m5.6, 26.3', 7200ly, 16h23.6m -26°32', Sco, summer


M5, NGC-5904, Gc, m5.6, 17.4', 24500ly, 15h18.6m +02°05', Ser, summer


M6, NGC-6405, Oc, m4.2, 25', 1600ly, 17h40.1m -32°13', Sco, summer, Butterfly Cluster


M7, NGC-6475, Oc, m3.3, 80', 800ly, 17h53.9m -34°49', Sco, summer, Ptolemy's Cluster


M8, NGC-6523, Di, m6.0, 90'x40', 5200ly, 18h03.8m -24°23', Sgr, summer, Lagoon Nebula

2018-07-07: Just playing with my T6i, Edge 800, Evolution mount combo. I know I can do better than this even with the Evolution mount. I was just showing someone what they could see in their C8 vs what you can see in 20 seconds with a camera. They were impressed. It looked a lot better on the view screen. Hook 'em while they are young.


M9, NGC-6333, Gc, m7.7, 9.3', 26700ly, 17h19.2m -18°31', Oph, summer


M10, NGC-6254, Gc, m6.6, 15.1', 14400ly, 16h57.1m -04°06', Oph, summer


M11, NGC-6705, Oc, m6.3, 14', 6000ly, 18h51.1m -06°16', Sct, summer, Wild Duck Cluster


M12, NGC-6218, Gc, m6.7, 14.5', 16000ly, 16h47.2m -01°57', Oph, summer


M13, NGC-6205, Gc, m5.8, 16.6', 25100ly, 16h41.7m +36°28', Her, summer, Great Hercules Globular

An exceptionally crappy picture taken by my old "Sedona" scope and mount. I'll try hand holding the telescope next time. This was a Canon T6i shot.

   

Later in the evening I took a comparison shot of M13 and Omega Centauri. The pictures are the same scale. Quite a size difference. I guess the Great Nebula in Hercules isn't quite so great.


Looking for Mr. Omega Centauri


M14, NGC-6402, Gc, m7.6, 11.7', 29000ly, 17h37.6m -03°15', Oph, summer


M15, NGC-7078, Gc, m6.2, 12.3', 33600ly, 21h30m +12°10', Peg, autumn, Great Pegasus Globular


M16, NGC-6611, Oc, m6.4, 7', 7000ly, 18h18.8m -13°47', Ser, summer, Eagle Nebula


M17, NGC-6618, Di, m7.0, 11', 5000ly, 18h20.8m -16°11', Sgr, summer, Omega Nebula


M18, NGC-6613, Oc, m7.5, 9', 4900ly, 18h19.9m -17°08', Sgr, summer


M19, NGC-6273, Gc, m6.8, 13.5', 28400ly, 17h02.6m -26°16', Oph, summer


M20, NGC-6514, Di, m9.0, 28', 5200ly, 18h02.6m -23°02', Sgr, summer, Trifid Nebula


M21, NGC-6531, Oc, m6.5, 13', 4250ly, 18h04.6m -22°30', Sgr, summer


M22, NGC-6656, Gc, m5.1, 24', 10400ly, 18h36.4m -23°54', Sgr, summer, Sagittarius Cluster

2018-07-07: Just playing around at the end of the First Saturday outreach party at the Etscorn Observatory. This was my Canon T6i on the Edge 800 on the Evolution mount. Not horrible. Took some quick snaps of the Lagoon and Trifid nebulas. They were horrible.


M23, NGC-6494, Oc, m6.9, 27', 2150ly, 17h56.8m -19°01', Sgr, summer


M24, NA, MW, m4.6, 90', 10000ly, 18h16.9m -18°30', Sgr, summer, Sagittarius Star Cloud


M25, IC-4725, Oc, m6.5, 40', 2000ly, 18h31.6m -19°15', Sgr, summer


M26, NGC-6694, Oc, m8.0, 15', 5000ly, 18h45.2m -09°24', Sct, summer


M27, NGC-6853, Pl, m7.4, 8.0'x5.7', 1250ly, 19h59.6m +22°43', Vul, summer, Dumbbell Nebula


M28, NGC-6626, Gc, m6.8, 11.2', 18600ly, 18h24.5m -24°52', Sgr, summer


M29, NGC-6913, Oc, m7.1, 7', 4000ly, 20h23.9m +38°32', Cyg, summer


M30, NGC-7099, Gc, m7.2, 11', 26100ly, 21h40.4m -23°11', Cap, autumn


M31, NGC-224, Sp, m3.4, 178'x63', 3Mly, 0h41.8m +41°16', And, autumn, Andromeda Galaxy


M32, NGC-221, El, m8.1, 8'x6', 3Mly, 0h42.8m +40°52', And, autumn


M33, NGC-598, Sp, m5.7, 73'x45', 3Mly, 1h33.9m +30°39', Tri, autumn, Triangulum Galaxy


M34, NGC-1039, Oc, m5.5, 35', 1400ly, 2h42m +42°47', Per, autumn


M35, NGC-2168, Oc, m5.3, 28', 2800ly, 6h08.9m +24°20', Gem, winter


M36, NGC-1960, Oc, m6.3, 12', 4100ly, 5h36.1m +34°08', Aur, winter


M37, NGC-2099, Oc, m6.2, 24', 4400ly, 5h52.4m +32°33', Aur, winter


M38, NGC-1912, Oc, m7.4, 21', 4200ly, 5h28.7m +35°50', Aur, winter


M39, NGC-7092, Oc, m4.6, 32', 825ly, 21h32.2m +48°26', Cyg, autumn


M40, Win4, Ds, m8.4, 0.8', 510ly, 12h22.4m +58°05', UMa, spring, Winnecke 4


M41, NGC-2287, Oc, m4.6, 38', 2300ly, 6h47m -20°44', CMa, winter


M42, NGC-1976, Di, m4.0, 85'x60', 1600ly, 5h35.4m -05°27', Ori, winter, Great Nebula in Orion


M43, NGC-1982, Di, m9.0, 20'x15', 1600ly, 5h35.6m -05°16', Ori, winter, De Mairan's Nebula


M44, NGC-2632, Oc, m3.7, 95', 577ly, 8h40.1m +19°59', Cnc, winter, Beehive Cluster


M45, NA, Oc, m1.6, 110', 380ly, 3h47m +24°07', Tau, winter, Pleiades


M46, NGC-2437, Oc, m6.0, 27', 5400ly, 7h41.8m -14°49', Pup, winter

I was testing a Celestron Evolution mount with my WOZ61/T6i combination to see if the Evo mount could handle photography. The picture is crappy, because I was testing the mount and had the ISO cranked way up.

M46 has a planetary nebula, NGC-2438, not in it but in front of it a few thousand lightyears. I thought it was a flaw in the camera chip. North is roughly up in both of these pictures.


Some of the pictures were taken with this test setup to see if my Celestron Evolution mount could do it. This setup was quick and easy to get going, and the go-to nature of the mount made finding the objects a breeze. That's a William Optics Zenithstar 61 scope, Flat61 field flattener, and a Canon T6i camera.


M47, NGC-2422, Oc, m5.2, 30', 1600ly, 7h36.6m -14°30', Pup, winter

An equally crappy picture taken while I was testing the Evo mount (see M46). The clump of stars near the top is a separate cluster from M47 and is NGC-2423.

M46, M47 and NGC-2423 are right right next to each other in the sky, but not in real life. Nice. I'll get back to these once I stop playing around.


M48, NGC-2548, Oc, m5.5, 54', 1500ly, 8h13.8m -05°48', Hya, winter


M49, NGC-4472, El, m8.4, 9'x7.5', 60Mly, 12h29.8m +08°00', Vir, spring


M50, NGC-2323, Oc, m6.3, 16', 3000ly, 7h03.2m -08°20', Mon, winter


M51, NGC-5194, Sp, m8.4, 11'x7', 37Mly, 13h30m +47°11', CVn, spring, Whirlpool Galaxy


M52, NGC-7654, Oc, m7.3, 13', 5000ly, 23h24.2m +61°35', Cas, autumn


M53, NGC-5024, Gc, m7.6, 12.6', 59700ly, 13h12.9m +18°10', Com, spring


M54, NGC-6715, Gc, m7.6, 9.1', 88700ly, 18h55.1m -30°29', Sgr, summer


M55, NGC-6809, Gc, m6.3, 19', 17600ly, 19h40m -30°58', Sgr, summer


M56, NGC-6779, Gc, m8.3, 7.1', 32900ly, 19h16.6m +30°11', Lyr, summer


M57, NGC-6720, Pl, m8.8, 1.4x1.0, 2300ly, 18h53.6m +33°02', Lyr, summer, Ring Nebula

Taken with my C6 (Walter) and a ZWO ASI174MM at prime focus, single 15s exposure. This was the first time using my ASI cameras for anything other than solar work. The pointing may be a little off and/or the factory grease in my Losmandy GM-8 mount was starting to get stiff from the temperature being in the 30's F. It became an undeniable problem later in the evening. I later figured out that the scope needed to be collimated a bit too. Tried stacking pictures, but just about every single shot looked better than any combination of stacked pictures. It's hard starting at 1500mm focal length, but there you go. It looks like six hot pixels!


M58, NGC-4579, Ba, m9.7, 5.5'x4.5', 60Mly, 12h37.7m +11°49', Vir, spring


M59, NGC-4621, El, m9.6, 5'x3.5', 60Mly, 12h42m +11°39', Vir, spring


M60, NGC-4649, El, m8.8, 7'x6', 60Mly, 12h43.7m +11°33', Vir, spring


M61, NGC-4303, Sp, m9.7, 6'x5.5', 60Mly, 12h21.9m +04°28', Vir, spring


M62, NGC-6266, Gc, m6.5, 14.1', 22500ly, 17h01.2m -30°07', Oph, summer


M63, NGC-5055, Sp, m8.6, 10'x6', 37Mly, 13h15.8m +42°02', CVn, spring, Sunflower Galaxy


M64, NGC-4826, Sp, m8.5, 9.3'x5.4', 19Mly, 12h56.7m +21°41', Com, spring, Black Eye Galaxy


M65, NGC-3623, Sp, m9.3, 8'x1.5', 35Mly, 11h18.9m +13°05', Leo, spring


M66, NGC-3627, Sp, m8.9, 8'x2.5', 35Mly, 11h20.2m +12°59', Leo, spring


M67, NGC-2682, Oc, m6.1, 30', 2700ly, 8h50.4m +11°49', Cnc, winter


M68, NGC-4590, Gc, m7.8, 12', 33300ly, 12h39.5m -26°45', Hya, spring


M69, NGC-6637, Gc, m7.6, 7.1', 28000ly, 18h31.4m -32°21', Sgr, summer


M70, NGC-6681, Gc, m7.9, 7.8', 29400ly, 18h43.2m -32°18', Sgr, summer


M71, NGC-6838, Gc, m8.2, 7.2', 12700ly, 19h53.8m +18°47', Sge, summer


M72, NGC-6981, Gc, m9.3, 5.9', 55400ly, 20h53.5m -12°32', Aqr, summer


M73, NGC-6994, As, m9.0, 2.8', 2000ly, 20h59m -12°38', Aqr, summer


M74, NGC-628, Sp, m9.4, 10.2'x9.5', 35Mly, 1h36.7m +15°47', Psc, autumn


M75, NGC-6864, Gc, m8.5, 6', 61300ly, 20h06.1m -21°55', Sgr, summer


M76, NGC-650, Pl, m10.1 2.7'x1.8', 3400ly, 1h42.4m +51°34', Per, autumn, Little Dumbbell Nebula


M77, 1068, Sp, m8.9, 7'x6', 60Mly, 2h42.7m +00°02', Cet, autumn


M78, NGC-2068, Di, m8.3, 8'x6', 1600, 5h46.7m +00°03', Ori, winter


M79, NGC-1904, Gc, m7.7, 8.7', 42100ly, 5h24.5m -24°33', Lep, winter


M80, NGC-6093, Gc, m7.3, 8.9', 32600ly, 16h17m -22°59', Sco, summer


M81, NGC-3031, Sp, m6.9, 21'x10', 12Mly, 9h55.6m +69°04', UMa, spring, Bode's Galaxy


M82, NGC-3034, Ir, m8.4 9'x4', 12Mly, 9h55.8m +69°41', UMa, spring, Cigar Galaxy


M83, NGC-5236, Sp, m7.6 11'x10', 15Mly, 13h37m -29°52', Hya, spring, Southern Pinwheel


M84, NGC-4374, Ln, m9.1, 5', 60Mly, 12h25.1m +12°53', Vir, spring


M85, NGC-4382, Ln, m9.1, 7.1'x5.2', 60Mly, 12h25.5m +18°12', Com, spring


M86, NGC-4406, Ln, m8.9, 7.5'x5.5', 60Mly, 12h26.2m +12°57', Vir, spring


M87, NGC-4486, El, m8.6, 7', 60Mly, 12h30.8m +12°24', Vir, spring


M88, NGC-4501, Sp, m9.6, 7'x4', 60Mly, 12h32.1m +14°26', Com, spring


M89, NGC-4552, El, m9.8, 4', 60Mly, 12h35.7m +12°33', Vir, spring


M90, NGC-4569, Sp, m9.5, 9.5'x4.5', 60Mly, 12h36.8m +13°10', Vir, spring


M91, NGC-4548, Ba, m10.2, 5.4'x4.4', 60Mly, 12h35.5m +14°30', Com, spring


M92, NGC-6341, Gc, m6.4, 11.2', 26700ly, 17h17.1m +43°08', Her, summer


M93, NGC-2447, Oc, m6.0, 22', 3600ly, 7h44.6m -23°52', Pup, winter

Taken with my WOZ61/T6i combo. I was testing a Celestron Evolution mount to see if it was good enough for quick-shot photography. While the goal of this picture was to test the mount, and not take a good picture, it didn't turn out terrible.


M94, NGC-4736, Sp, m8.2, 7'x3', 15Mly, 12h50.9m +41°08', CVn, spring


M95, NGC-3351, Ba, m9.7, 4.4'x3.3', 38Mly, 10h44m +11°42', Leo, spring


M96, NGC-3368, Sp, m9.2, 6'x4', 38Mly, 10h46.8m +11°49', Leo, spring


M97, NGC-3587, Pl, m9.9, 3.4'x3.3', 2600ly, 11h14.8m +55°01', UMa, spring, Owl Nebula


M98, NGC-4192, Sp, m10.1, 9.5'x3.2', 60Mly, 12h13.9m +14°55', Com, spring


M99, NGC-4254, Sp, m9.9, 5.4'x4.8', 60Mly, 12h18.9m +14°26', Com, spring


M100, NGC-4321, Sp, m9.3, 7'x6', 60Mly, 12h23m +15°50', Com, spring


M101, NGC-5457, Sp, m7.9, 22', 27Mly, 14h03.2m +54°21', UMa, spring, Pinwheel Galaxy


M102, NGC-5866, Ln, m9.9, 5.2'x2.3', 40Mly, 15h06.5m +55°46', Dra, summer


M103, NGC-581, Oc, m7.4, 6', 8500ly, 1h33.2m +60°42', Cas, autumn


M104, NGC-4594, Sp, m8.0, 9'x4', 50Mly, 12h40m -11°37', Vir, spring, Sombrero Galaxy


M105, NGC-3379, El, m9.3, 2', 38Mly, 10h47.8m +12°35', Leo, spring


M106, NGC-4258, Sp, m8.4, 19'x8', 25Mly, 12h18.9m +47°19', CVn, spring


M107, NGC-6171, Gc, m7.9, 10', 20900ly, 16h32.5m -13°03', Oph, summer


M108, NGC-3556, Sp, m10.0, 8'x1', 45Mly, 11h11.5m +55°40', UMa, spring


M109, NGC-3992, Ba, m9.8, 7'x4', 55Mly, 11h57.6m +53°23', UMa, spring


M110, NGC-205, El, m8.5, 17'x10', 3Mly, 00h40.4m +41°41', And, autumn

Taken with C6 (Walter) and an ASI174MM camera. No filters or anything. Just black and white. Was on my way from IC-10 to NGC-1049 and stopped to take a quick pic. This is a stack of a few shots, but there were mount tracking troubles. Will need to figure that out.


Where in the sky are we?

Stolen from Wikipedia.

2018-07-08